National

As state governments began establishing statewide defender systems in the 1960s, reclaiming the 6th Amendment right to counsel obligations they had previously delegated to county governments, the Model Defender Act sets out the structural standards for the traditional public defender delivery model. While the standards assume a statewide defender system is in place, setting forth the duties and responsibilities of a state “defender general” position, the specific criteria equally to county and regional public defender agencies.

Author/Organization: National Legal Aid & Defender Association (NLADA)
Publication Date: 1970

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Commonly referred to as Byrne/JAG grants, the official name is the "Edward Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance Grant Program."  The program is administered by the Department of Justice (DOJ), Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA), and is described by BJA as "the leading source of federal justice funding to state and local jurisdictions."

Author/Organization: Phyllis E. Mann
Publication Date: 02/25/2011

During 2010, the National Criminal Justice Association (NCJA), in partnership with BJA, surveyed the State Administering Agencies (SAAs) that oversee Byrne JAG program funds, to find out how they used those funds.  The survey compiled data on how funds were spent in 2009 (which could include money from 2007, 2008, and 2009 JAG awards, as well as special Recovery Act awards made in 2009).

NCJA prepared this document to show examples of how Byrne JAG funds were used for indigent defense. 

Author/Organization: National Criminal Justice Association (NCJA)
Publication Date: 2010

Items contained in the NLADA Library do not and are not meant to constitute advice of any kind. Content in the NLADA Library is contributed by users. If you believe this material infringes your or any other person’s copyright or if you feel that the material is inappropriate, please report this to NLADA Staff by clicking below.

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During 2010, the National Criminal Justice Association (NCJA), in partnership with BJA, surveyed the State Administering Agencies (SAAs) that oversee Byrne JAG program funds, to find out how they used those funds.  The survey compiled data on how funds were spent in 2009 (which could include money from 2007, 2008, and 2009 JAG awards, as well as special Recovery Act awards made in 2009).  

This document shows how funds were distributed by SAAs, during 2009, across 43 areas of criminal justice.  The results show that, of a total of $1,203,538,214 spent in 2009, only $3,208,686 was spent on public defense -- or roughly 1/4 of 1 percent (0.0027). 

Author/Organization: National Criminal Justice Association (NCJA)
Publication Date: 2010

Items contained in the NLADA Library do not and are not meant to constitute advice of any kind. Content in the NLADA Library is contributed by users. If you believe this material infringes your or any other person’s copyright or if you feel that the material is inappropriate, please report this to NLADA Staff by clicking below.

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Free Webinar: The Right to Counsel: Standards & Solutions in a Downturned Economy

BY Jon Mosher on Thursday, February 10, 2011 at 9:52 AM

On March 8, 2011, JSERI director David Carroll will be conducting a national webinar entitled The Right to Counsel: Standards & Solutions in a Downturned Economy on behalf of the U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Assistance. Program is geared toward policy-makers and judges, but services providers are welcomed. Please forward to key decision-makers in your state. Registration free, but limited.

From watching crime shows on television, we would all have the impression that a prosecutor stands on one side and a public defender stands on the other in every case, giving the appearance that their roles are exact mirror images of each other. But this is not true, for several reasons.

Author/Organization: Phyllis E. Mann
Publication Date: 02/09/2011

"Improving Criminal Justice Systems Through Expanded Strategies and Innovative Collaborations." Report of the National Symposium on Indigent Defense, February 1999.

Author/Organization: US Department of Justice
Publication Date: 1999

Items contained in the NLADA Library do not and are not meant to constitute advice of any kind. Content in the NLADA Library is contributed by users. If you believe this material infringes your or any other person’s copyright or if you feel that the material is inappropriate, please report this to NLADA Staff by clicking below.

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Addressing representatives of U.S. county governments, David Carroll stated: "Prudent use of taxpayer dollars requires that we all work together to get state policy-makers to reduce the need for public defense attorneys in the first place by removing non-violent, low level felonies and misdemeanors from the formal justice system through diversion, mediation and/or reclassification of crimes to non-jailable infractions where it is safe, reasonable and prudent to do so.  It is only through reducing our dependence on public defense that we will ever be able to get states to relieve counties of this financial burden once and for all."

Author/Organization: National Legal Aid & Defender Association (NLADA)
Publication Date: 01/20/2011

Items contained in the NLADA Library do not and are not meant to constitute advice of any kind. Content in the NLADA Library is contributed by users. If you believe this material infringes your or any other person’s copyright or if you feel that the material is inappropriate, please report this to NLADA Staff by clicking below.

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The National Advisory Commission on Criminal Justice Standards and Goals was created in 1971 to formulate for the first time national criminal justice standards and goals for crime reduction and prevention at the State and local levels. In 1973, the National Advisory Commission issued six extensive reports on the following topics: 1) A National Strategy to Reduce Crime; 2) Criminal Justice System; 3) Police; 4) Courts; 5) Corrections; and 6) Community Crime Prevention. The Report of the Task Force on the Courts sets standards for the flow of cases through each stage of the criminal justice process, as well as basic standards for each of the system's component parts, including courts, court administration, prosecution and defense. Printed here are the black letter standards from Chapter 13 of that report, entitled "The Defense," omitting commentary, references and related standards.

Author/Organization: National Advisory Commission on Criminal Justice Standards and Goals
Publication Date: 1973

Items contained in the NLADA Library do not and are not meant to constitute advice of any kind. Content in the NLADA Library is contributed by users. If you believe this material infringes your or any other person’s copyright or if you feel that the material is inappropriate, please report this to NLADA Staff by clicking below.

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From 1974 to 1976, following consultations with the Attorney General and the Administrator of the Law Enforcement Assistance Administration, the National Legal Aid and Defender Association convened a 35-member National Study Commission on Defense Services, with LEAA grant support. The Commission's charter was to utilize the standards developed by the National Advisory Commission on Criminal Justice Standards and goals in 1973 as a "basic underpinning for an extensive study of defense services aimed at preparing a blueprint of guidelines and procedures which would meet the nation's indigent defense needs."

Author/Organization: National Study Commission on Defense Services, NLADA
Publication Date: 1976

Items contained in the NLADA Library do not and are not meant to constitute advice of any kind. Content in the NLADA Library is contributed by users. If you believe this material infringes your or any other person’s copyright or if you feel that the material is inappropriate, please report this to NLADA Staff by clicking below.

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